- Raila along with his father was placed under house arrest for seven months after evidence seemed to show them collaborating with the plotters of a failed coup attempt against President Daniel arap Moi in 1982.
- Hundred of Kenyans and thousands of rebel soldiers died – several foreigners also lost their lives.
- Raila was later charged with treason and detained without trial for six years.
- A biography of Raila (apparently approved by him) in 2006 indicated that Raila was much more involved in the attempted coup that previously admitted. Post the publication some MP’s called for him to be arrested and charged by statute of limitations already passed and since the info came from a biography it did not amount to an open confession on his part.
- Raila was released on 6th Feb 1988 only to be rearrested in September 1988 for his pro-democracy and human rights agitation at a time when the country continued to descend deeper into throes of poor governance and the despotism of single-party rule. Multi-party democracy Kenya was then, by law, a one-party state. His encounters with the authoritarian government generated an aura of intrigue about him and it was probably due to this, his political followers, christened him “Agwambo” or “Jakom” – Chairman.
- Raila was finally released on 21 June 1991, and in October, he fled the country to Norway amid indications that the increasingly corrupt Kenyan government was attempting to assassinate him without success.
- July ‘07 Kibaki’s reelection bid drawing close, Odinga alleged that the government was withholding ID cards from voters with intention to skew the elections. He also claimed the creation of 30 new constituencies was a means by the government to fraudulently engineer victory in the December 2007 parliamentary elections.
- August ’07 Raila’s own Orange Democratic Movement suffered a setback when it split into two, Odinga head of ODM while other faction ODM-K was headed by Kalonzo Musyoka who parted ways with Raila.
- September ’07 ODM elected Odinga as presidential candidate receiving 2656 votes and other significant candidate was named his running mate.
- Odinga’s presidential camapaign fails and Kibaki was declared the winner placing him ahead of Odinga by about 232,000 votes.
- Jeffry Sachs Special Advisor to former UN SG faulted the US approach to post election crisis and recommended an independent recount of the vote.
- Following two months of unrest that led to about 1000 deaths and displacement of approx.. 250,000 a deal between Odinga and Kibaki provided for power-sharing and the creation of the post of Prime Minister, was signed in February 2008, it was brokered by former UN SG Annan and Odinga was sworn in as PM.
- Next Presidential election in which Raila was to run was the 2013 March poll, involving Kibaki’s handover of power.
- Kenyatta and Ruto were his rivals (and both been indicted by the ICC of the Hague for their role in 2007 election violence).
- Raila Odinga’s party ODM joined Kalonzo Musyoka’s Wiper Party and Wetangula’s Fod Kenya in a CORD coalition for the presidential race with Raila as the presidential candidate and Kalonzo as his running mate to face Jubilee’s coalition.
- Raila lost to Kenyatta however after results were announced noted that the election had been marred by massive failures of the Biometric Voter Registration kits, Electronic voter ID’s and the Results presentation. Claiming that he had no choice but to contest the results in Kenya’s highest court.
- Odinga and his lawyers George Oraro, Mutula Kilonzo, and James Orengo, secretly instructed Raj Pal Senna, a Management Consultant from Barcelona to carry out a forensic investigation of the technology used in the Kenyan General Election 2013, during which the IEBC made claims on TV and media that there were “technological challenges”, that servers overloaded and that database crashed.
- During the Petition hearing, Chief Justice Willy Mutunga made a finding rejecting second affidavit of Raila Odinga which comprised 900 pages, on the basis that it amounted to “new evidence” which is not permitted under the Constitution.
- Subsequently, The Supreme Court issued a ruling dismissing the petition on 30 March 2013. The Supreme Court while declaring Uhuru the next President also declared that the IEBC should not have included the invalid/spoilt votes in the calculation of the final figures and percentages.
- After the supreme court dismissed his petition Raila flew to South Africa to avoid attending the Inauguration of Uhuru Kenyatta, held on 9 April 2013 at Moi Sports Complex at Kasarani, Nairobi. The swearing ceremony marked the end of his premiership.